Between 1995 and 2001 Professor Efendic was Chairman of the Department of Molecular Medicine at Karolinska Institutet. He is an elected member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Academia Europaea, the Croatian Academy of Sciences and the All India Institute of Diabetes. He has been awarded the Jacob Poulsen Award for Research in Endocrinology, the Vuk Vrhovec Award, the Bertha Rostenstadt Lecture, Björn Sjögren’s Lecture, Rolf Luft’s Award, the Novo Lecture, the Laufberger Lecture, the Banting and Best Diabetes Center Lecture, the Thureus Prize and the Marble Lecture.